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  • 竞博电竞清洗剂除垢剂的原理?
  • 本站编辑:杭州竞博电竞化工有限公司发布日期:2022-04-01 17:11 浏览次数:

在(zai)竞博电竞清(qing)(qing)洗(xi)领域,超(chao)声(sheng)波(bo)清(qing)(qing)洗(xi)时(shi)会使(shi)用(yong)各(ge)种除垢(gou)剂,它(ta)(ta)们的(de)相似之处是它(ta)(ta)们能(neng)溶解污垢(gou)。因此,将选择这(zhei)些可溶性除垢(gou)剂进行(xing)一(yi)般超(chao)声(sheng)波(bo)清(qing)(qing)洗(xi),而(er)盐酸是这(zhei)类溶剂中使(shi)用(yong)广泛的(de)溶剂。

通常,超声波清洗的主要污(wu)(wu)垢是氧(yang)化(hua)铁。在溶解过程中(zhong),这种污(wu)(wu)垢还具(ju)有氧(yang)化(hua)还原、络(luo)合(he)、崩解和剥离的作用。

盐酸(suan)在超声波清洗过程中,盐酸(suan)不仅能与水垢(gou)表面溶(rong)(rong)解(jie),还(hai)能渗入(ru)水垢(gou),与内层水垢(gou)溶(rong)(rong)解(jie)。

因此(ci),用(yong)盐酸(suan)清洗碳(tan)酸(suan)盐垢时(shi),反应强烈,清洗时(shi)间(jian)短。一般来(lai)说,清洁可在2到(dao)4小(xiao)时(shi)内(nei)完(wan)成。

氨基磺酸盐酸可用(yong)作使(shi)(shi)用(yong)碳钢(gang)的锅炉(lu)和(he)热(re)交(jiao)换(huan)器(qi)(qi)的结(jie)(jie)垢溶解清洗(xi)剂,但(dan)使(shi)(shi)用(yong)磺酸清洗(xi)使(shi)(shi)用(yong)奥氏体(ti)钢(gang)的板式(shi)换(huan)热(re)器(qi)(qi)、亚临(lin)界参数(shu)锅炉(lu)过热(re)器(qi)(qi)和(he)化学(xue)容(rong)器(qi)(qi)中的结(jie)(jie)垢更安全。由于氨基磺酸在(zai)超(chao)声(sheng)波清洗(xi)中是更稳定的固(gu)体(ti),因此它是比盐酸等(deng)液(ye)体(ti)垢溶解剂的另一个优势。

硝酸(suan)(suan)、乙酸(suan)(suan)和磷酸(suan)(suan)在超(chao)声波清(qing)(qing)洗中(zhong),硝酸(suan)(suan)是很(hen)好的酸(suan)(suan)溶性(xing)清(qing)(qing)洗剂,因为(wei)所有(you)硝酸(suan)(suan)盐都容易溶于水。硝酸(suan)(suan)的另(ling)一个优点是它对钢有(you)钝化(hua)作(zuo)(zuo)用(yong),对奥氏体钢没有(you)脆(cui)化(hua)作(zuo)(zuo)用(yong)。清(qing)(qing)洗不锈钢板式换(huan)热器时可用(yong)作(zuo)(zuo)酸(suan)(suan)溶性(xing)除垢(gou)剂。

In the field of industrial cleaning, various descaling agents are used in ultrasonic cleaning. Their biggest similarity is that they can dissolve dirt. Therefore, these soluble descaling agents will be selected for general ultrasonic cleaning, and hydrochloric acid is the most widely used solvent in this kind of solvent.

Usually, the main dirt of ultrasonic cleaning is iron oxide. In the process of dissolution, the dirt also has the functions of oxidation-reduction, complexation, disintegration and stripping.

In the process of ultrasonic cleaning, hydrochloric acid can not only dissolve with the scale surface, but also penetrate into the scale and dissolve with the inner scale.

Therefore, when cleaning carbonate scale with hydrochloric acid, the reaction is strong and the cleaning time is short. Generally speaking, cleaning can be completed in 2 to 4 hours.

Sulfamic acid hydrochloric acid can be used as a scale dissolving cleaning agent for boilers and heat exchangers using carbon steel, but it is safer to use sulfonic acid to clean the scale in plate heat exchangers using austenitic steel, subcritical parameter boiler superheaters and chemical vessels. Since sulfamic acid is a more stable solid in ultrasonic cleaning, it is another advantage over liquid scale dissolving agents such as hydrochloric acid.

Nitric acid, acetic acid and phosphoric acid in ultrasonic cleaning, nitric acid is a good acid soluble cleaning agent, because all nitrates are easily soluble in water. Another advantage of nitric acid is that it has passivation effect on steel and no embrittlement effect on austenitic steel. When cleaning stainless steel plate heat exchanger, it can be used as acid soluble descaling agent.

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